The Feeding Process – The way that a bed bug feeds is enough to make anyone’s skin crawl. These tiny bugs bite into your skin while you are sleeping and insert two tubes. One tube sucks your blood, while the other inserts anticoagulants and anesthetics so that you hopefully will not notice what is happening. The bugs can feed for up to ten minutes, growing seven times in body weight. After all is said and done, you are left with an itchy swollen welt that can irritate you for hours or days.
Breeding – One of the reasons that you hear bug bed infestations described as epidemics is because of their ability to breed quickly and at a high volume. Throughout her lifetime, a single female can produce over 1,000 eggs. This allows infestations to become a major problem in no time at all.
World Travelers – Another reason the word “epidemic” is often used is because bed bugs are so great at spreading from one place to another. With an increase in travel, this has become even easier. Bed bugs can stow away in your suitcases without a problem because they can survive for up to 18 days without feeding. Bed bugs are a major problem for hotel beds for this reason.
High Volume – Dust mites are extremely small, but their numbers typically are not. In one standard double bed, there could live as many as 10 million dust mites.
Survival – Dust mites thrive in the cavities next to the coils and springs in the core of your mattress. The humidity caused by your body heat creates a great habitat for them as they feed from your dead skin cells.
Allergies – Many people think that they are allergic to dust mites, when really they are allergic to dust mite excrement, which can be microscopic in size. Your mattress, and even pillow, could be full of dust and dust mite feces if you have not replaced these items in many years.
What You Can Do
You obviously want to reduce your risk of sleeping with bed bugs and dust mites as much as possible. You can greatly discourage infestation by eliminating their favorite habitat, the core of your mattress. Replace your mattress with a high quality memory foam or latex mattress that does not have any center cavities where these pests can typically hide.